Sunspots & Melasma treatment
Most Popular Procedures
Skin colour has always been a matter of concern and if gets hyper-pigmented then it becomes worrisome. Some of the skin conditions like sunspots and melasma. Sunspots happens due to over sun exposure whereas melasma is caused due to hormonal imbalance and pregnancy. Various treatment options like topical or procedural ones are available for reducing these darken spots lighter or make it disappear.
Lightening creams containing retinoid, hydroquinone, and azelaic acid are commonly recommended topical treatments. They have been effective in lightening the spots and reducing the hyperpigmentation and results are visible over a period of few weeks.
Microdermabrasions and chemical peeling are the procedural treatments where a mechanical device or chemical solution is used respectively for exfoliating the skin. The outermost layers of skin are removed to reveal out the underlying lighter skin. These procedures enhance the skin’s look with colour as well as with smooth texture.
Sunspots & Melasma treatment
Multiple Treatment Options
For severe dark spot cases, more intense laser therapy or intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy is considered. These lights are targeted on hyperpigmented areas of the skin breaking down the skin pigment – melanin. It promotes the growth of new and healthy skin too.
In cases of melasma where the root cause is hormonal imbalance then treating it also becomes the part of comprehensive approach. The hormonal imbalance due to prevailing conditions like PCOD (poly cystic ovarian disease) etc is treated for maximum benefits.
Apart from these treatments, one should also bring self-skin care into practice which includes application of sunscreen of higher SPF and avoiding excess or sun exposure. Healthcare provider are the right qualified people to recommend the appropriate treatment weighing the pros and cons of treatment for individual person.
Frequently Asked Questions
While sunspots or melasma cannot be cured completely but there are a lot of treatment options that can reduce their appearance effectively. If the causative reason for these conditions is sun then one must take utmost skin care in multiple ways like –
Avoiding extended exposure to sun rays in the middle of the day
Applying sunscreen of high SPF while going out in the sun
Wearing covered clothes when going out
For getting complete relief from the skin condition, one must try to address the root cause.
A. Yes, the topical treatment of sunspot or melasma shows up side effects like skin irritation, redness, or peeling. Healthcare providers listen to all concerns of the patient and carefully recommend the appropriate treatment which can produce maximum results and minimal side effects.
A. The time taken by the sunspot or melasma treatment for showing up results depends upon the following factors –
- Kind of treatment undertaken
- Skin type
- Overall health
The treatment results become visible or showup in a few weeks to months. And to achieve desirable results one has to invest in time too.
A. Although laser or IPL therapy is conducted under the influence of topical anaesthesia, the patient may experience light discomfort which is managed by cooling devices etc. Healthcare provider will
A. Yes. One of the main causes of melasma is hormonal imbalance and for having a long-lasting impact on the treatment, one should address the root cause. And continuing the recommended topical treatment and following the instructions related to skin care in relation to sun exposure will help in maximizing the benefits of melasma treatment.