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Smooth and soft skin is desired and many efforts are put into skin care for it apart from money and time. In growing-up years and adolescent years, one must have experienced a small, bumpy, and hard eruption in the skin near the elbow, arm, buttocks, and knee. This skin condition is called Keratosis Pilaris (KP) which gives a feel of sandpaper.
The keratosis pilaris can occur in adults too. In this condition, the hair follicle gets clogged with the protein – keratin. Although, it is not a harmful skin condition but unsightly and reason for itch and discomfort.
The treatment options range from personal skin care to medicated treatment. Moisturizers and gentle exfoliating scrubs help in removing dead skin cells and soften the skin. Topical creams or lotions containing urea, lactic acids, or alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) exfoliate the clogs and sheds the dead skin layers. Dermatologists may prescribe skin preparations containing steroids or retinoids to cope with inflammation and improvement in skin texture for treating severe cases.
Frequently Asked Questions
A. Keratosis pilaris is a common skin condition where keratin (protein) clogs the hair follicle forming a small, hard bump on the arms, elbows, knees, cheeks, and in buttocks.
A. No. Keratosis pilaris is commonly seen in children and adolescents but adults too experience it.
A. No. Keratosis pilaris does not cause any harm but causes itching and discomfort apart from an unsightly appearance.
A. Keratosis pilaris treatment not only involves dislodging clogs but also softening skin. This is achieved with moisturizers and exfoliating scrubs made up of urea, lactic acid, or alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) for smooth skin. In severe conditions, topical preparation containing steroids or retinoids is prescribed by Dermatologists. These medications help reduce inflammation and smoothen the skin.
Yes. Keratosis pilaris can be prevented by following simple skin care steps like –
- Usage of moisturizer
- Avoiding the usage of soap or skin care products made of harsh chemicals