Skin allergies

Skin allergies

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Skin allergies are the immune response of the body on skin’s exposure/contact with any allergen which show-ups as rashes/hives/swelling and itching.

Skin allergies

Commonly reported skin allergies:

Commonly reported skin allergies:

  • Contact Dermatitis is one of the most common types of skin allergy that happens when the skin comes in contact with an allergen like soap/lotion/perfume spray/metals like nickel/cobalt etc.
  • Eczema is a type of skin allergy that gets triggered by exposure to environmental allergens like pollens/dust mites etc.
  • Utricaria is also commonly known as Hives characterized by the presence of raised, red blister-like appearance grouped together at a particular site caused due to insect bite or allergy to food/medication, etc.
  • Angioedema is swelling of the deeper layers of the skin triggered by exposure to allergens like medication/food or insect bites.
  • Photosensitivity is a type of skin reaction to overexposure to sunlight / UV radiation resulting in a rash/hives.

Multiple Treatment Options for skin allergies:

  • Self-care lifestyle: It is one of the ways of avoiding contact with allergens by modifying the lifestyle
  • Topical Steroid: The topical application of the steroid in the form of cream/ointment or lotion is helpful in reducing itching and inflammation.
  • Oral Anti-Histamines: These medications relieve itching and control inflammation/swelling and are available as tablets as well as syrups for young ones.
  • Immunotherapy: In severe cases, immunotherapy is considered where the body is exposed to an allergen at regular intervals where the doses of allergen exposure are increased to build-up the immunity.   


Frequently Asked Questions

A. Some of the skin allergy-triggering factors are as follows –

  • Contact with irritants / allergens like body lotion / soap / creams / cosmetics/  fabric/ clothes
  • Pollen/dust mites/pollution/fomites
  • Metals – cobalt/nickel
  • Food preservatives/packaged food
  • Sun/UV exposure
  • Insect bites/medication

A. Skin allergy show-up following symptoms –

  • Itching
  • Redness
  • Swelling
  • Patchy skin appearance/rash
  • Hives’/blisters

A.  The dermatologists will interact with the patient and prescribe the following tests for diagnosis of skin allergies –

  • Medical history
  • Skin patch test/biopsy
  • Blood tests to identify the allergens

A. Skin allergies are treated with multiple options including the self-care lifestyle.

  • Medication options include Topical steroids, Topical calcineurin inhibitors, oral anti-histamine/anti-allergy.
  • Selfcare lifestyle means modifying the living style to keep a check on allergen exposure.
  • In some sever cases, immunotherapy is considered

A. No. Skin allergy conditions do not spread from one person to another person. It’s not contagious in nature.