Hyperpigmentation is quite a common and generally harmless condition, in which small areas of skin become darker than the surrounding skin regions. The darkening is due to overproduction of melanin, the excess forms deposits in the skin. Melanin is the brown pigment that gives color to the skin.
Hyperpigmentation can affect any skin type and complexion but some people with some skin types are more vulnerable to it than others. The condition can set in gradually after years of sun exposure or it suddenly appear. Below, we briefly discuss what causes the unwelcome dark spots and triggers excess melanin production:
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Causes of Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation can occur due to a variety of reasons, from hormonal changes to environmental conditions and to lifestyle options. Sometimes, even acne leaves behind those dark patches after the condition itself has reversed. Skin injuries, including surgeries can also trigger overproduction of melanin and the onset of dark spots. Freckles are also a form of hyperpigmentation but they are genetic in nature. Dark patches can also appear as ‘age’ or ‘liver’ spots, which can occur due to overexposure to the sun. Dermatologists refer to the spots as solar lentigos or solar lentigines. They are usually found on the face and other areas critically exposed to the sun. Hyperpigmentation due to hormonal imbalances is called melasma; the spots are not dissimilar in appearance to age spots but the areas of darkened skin are bigger. The ‘mask of pregnancy’ on expecting women is due to excess production of melanin. Women on birth control pills can also experience dark spots, since the pills can trigger hormonal changes.
Since most dark spots appear from solar overexposure, wearing a sunscreen at all times under the sun is very helpful. The sunscreen should cover a broad spectrum, i.e. protect against both UVA and UVB rays.
Hyperpigmentation Treatments in Sarjapur Road
Dermatologists usually recommend prescription creams and bleaches, which contain hydroquinone as the active ingredient that slows the production of melanin and causes the dark spots to fade away and restore normal skin colour. Bleaches contain twice the amount of hydroquinone than creams, which can accelerate the fading process, but they can be irritating to the skin. Where the dark spots are stubborn and resistant to treatment, the dosage of hydroquinone can be increased. Sometimes, the dermatologist may also recommend lotions compounded with tretinon or kojic acid. However, this can also be an irritant to sensitive skin; in any case they take from three to six months for the skin to get lighter. Another effective treatment for hyperpigmentation is chemical peels. Your dermatologist can prescribe it or you can get the treatment done at a qualified salon. A chemical peel contains a
chemical agent, which causes parts or the entire epidermis of the concerned region to peel off along with the unwanted melanin. This allows the epidermis to regenerate with deeper tissues and healthy pigmentation. Chemical peels are a popular treatment choice for melasma. If your dermatologist does not recommend a chemical peel, then laser treatment may be your last hope. Hyperpigmentation can occur close to the skin’s surface or may be deeper. The specialist will assess the position of the condition and select the correct laser for it.
If you are looking for Hyperpigmentation Treatments in Sarjapur Road then SKTruderma is the best option for you.